The Grade Point Average (GPA) is a weighted average of the numerical equivalents of number grades. Translated, this means the following:
Each number grade is assigned a numerical equivalent, or “points.” GPAs are usually calculated on the four-point scale, meaning A=4 points, B=3 points, etc. The points scale at Rice University is as follows:
To calculate your GPA, you find the average of your “points.” However, the process is complicated if you take courses earning different amounts of credit. Plainly, an A in a 4-hour course should be worth more than an A in a 1-hour course. Thus, we weigh the average instead of simply adding up the “points” for each course by the credit values. After this product (which we’ll call “quality points”) is calculated for each course, add up these products (the total quality points) and divide this sum by the total number of credits taken.
|Grades||Credit Hours||Points||Quality Points|
|B||3||3||3 x 3 = 9|
|A-||4||3.67||4 x 3.67 = 14.68|
|C||2||2||2 x 2 = 4|
|C||3||2||3 x 2 = 6|
|Totals||12 Credit Hours||33.68 Quality Points|
|GPA Calculation 33.68 / 12 = 2.806|
Credit earned with a pass grade (P) does not affect GPA. Fs count toward your GPA even though no credit is earned. Even if you earn no quality points by failing a class, you must still include the attempted credit as part of your total credits attempted. In addition, while P does not affect your GPA, an F earned from a Pass/Fall class (P/F) is treated like an F earned normally, and will count toward your GPA.
Please Note: GPA is calculated at the student level: Undergraduate, Undergraduate Professional, Graduate, Visiting Undergraduate, or Visiting Graduate.
For grades earned prior to 1984, please see the Grade Conversion Chart.