Glossary of Academic Terminology

The following glossary represents a list of the various terms and definitions that students, faculty, and staff encounter at Rice University.

Academic Calendar
The Academic Calendar represents important semester-specific dates and deadlines for students officially registered for courses listed on Rice's Course Schedule, as well as for all Rice degree-seeking students, academic and administrative departments, and instructors. The Academic Calendar for each semester is approved by the Faculty Senate, and is posted on the Academic Calendars page on the Office of the Registrar's website.

Academic Credential
The notation on the transcript that represents the completion of a formally recognized academic program.

Academic Program
A sequence of credit courses that lead to an academic credential (e.g., degree and academic major tied to the degree, academic minor, university certificate).

Academic Standing
At the conclusion of each semester’s grade processing, a term and cumulative GPA is calculated for each degree-seeking student. A student’s academic standing may be impacted by the term GPA or the cumulative GPA, or both. Academic Standing classifications and stipulations are defined in the General Announcements for both undergraduate students and graduate students.

Academic Year
The period of instruction composed of the fall, spring, and summer semesters. The academic year begins at the start of the fall semester and ends after the last day of the summer semester.

Admitted Student
An admitted student is one that has been accepted by the university into a degree-seeking program and who has confirmed their acceptance. (The Office of Admissions coordinates this for admitted undergraduate students and the Office of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, working with academic departments, coordinates this for admitted graduate students). Incoming accepted students are considered admitted students from the time they confirm their acceptance until their matriculation or the first day that they register for classes.

Alum (or Alumnus)
Any student who has been certified as meeting all degree requirements at Rice University and has been awarded a Rice degree. See Degree.

Articulation Agreement
Definition forthcoming.

Auditing Courses
Students may audit a course (see Noncredit Seeking/"Not for Credit") at Rice either as degree-seeking students or visiting non-degree seeking students by securing permission of the instructor and registering as an auditor with the Office of the Registrar. There are no credit hours associated with audited courses, and auditing a course does not affect a student's GPA.

Auditor
Any student, including matriculated degree-seeking and visiting non-degree seeking students, may audit one or more courses found on the Rice course schedule by securing permission of the instructor and by registering as an noncredit seeking Auditor with the Office of the Registrar. This allows the student to officially observe the course content and participate in the course learning activities. The audited course will appear on the student's transcript with a grade of either "AUD" or "NC." There are no credit hours associated with audited courses, nor is there any impacts on a Rice student's Grade Point Average (GPA). More information can be found in the General Announcements.

Baccalaureate Degree
The baccalaureate degree is awarded after completing an undergraduate program of study; typically completed after four-five years. Rice University offers the following baccalaureate degrees: Bachelor of Architecture (BArch), Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Music (BMUS), Bachelor of Science (BS), Bachelor of Science in Bioengineering (BSBE), Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering (BSChE), Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering (BSCE), Bachelor of Science in Computer Science (BSCS), Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering (BSEE), Bachelor of Science in Materials Science and NanoEngineering (BSMSNE), and the Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering (BSME). At a minimum, a baccalaureate degree requires completion of 120 credit hours, and more information regarding the requirements for each can be found in the General Announcements.

Banner
The computer system that manages all student-related information. Students have access through ESTHER, at: https://esther.rice.edu

Carnegie Unit
Definition forthcoming.

Certificate
See University Certificate.

CEU (Continuing Education Unit)
The CEU (Continuing Education Unit) is a nationally recognized uniform unit of measurement of individual participation in non-credit continuing education. One CEU is defined as “ten contact hours of participation in an organized continuing education experience, under responsible sponsorship, capable direction and qualified instruction.” CEUs provide the framework for individuals to document their efforts to update or broaden their knowledge or skills through a variety of non-credit educational options. CEUs are granted for classroom hours and are not granted for hours spent at such activities as performances, field trips or tours. CEU credits are available through courses completed in the Glasscock School of Continuing Studies, but are not considered Rice course credit and are not listed on the Rice academic transcript.

CPU
Definition forthcoming.

CIP
Classification of Instructional Programs provides a taxonomic scheme for all fields of study. All majors and major concentrations have a CIP code. In some instances, programs with STEM-related CIP codes permit international students to acquire a visa to stay longer in the USA after graduation. https://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/cipcode/Default.aspx?y=55 and https://studyinthestates.dhs.gov/eligible-cip-codes-for-the-stem-opt-extension.

Course
A particular class, such as ARTS 225, MATH 101, etc. All courses are listed in the Rice Course Catalog, at: https://courses.rice.edu

Course Catalog
Also known as the Rice Course Catalog, the complete and entire list of courses offered as part of the official Rice curriculum at Rice University, at: https://courses.rice.edu

Course Section
A unique offering of a particular class, such as ARTS 225 001, MATH 101 002, etc. (the 3-digit code following the course number is the section number). There can be multiple offerings of a course each semester, and they are published in the Rice Course Schedule, at: https://courses.rice.edu.

Course Schedule
Also known as the Rice Course Schedule, the list of courses available and offered for a specific semester, at: https://courses.rice.edu

Course Student Learning Outcomes
Listed on the course syllabus, the course student learning outcomes are represented by a statement formalizing the competencies, practical and professional skills, higher-level thinking and analytical skills that the instructor expects students to obtain by the conclusion of the course.

Course Type
Course types are used by departments to create, modify and schedule courses. In order to classify courses appropriately in the Rice Course Schedule, course types carry unique definitions. For more information on course types and corresponding definitions, please visit the Course Type Definitions page on the Office of the Registrar's website.

Contact Hour
A contact hour is defined as 50 minutes of scheduled instruction presented to students. The contact hour, along with the Preparation Hour, is used to calculate the Semester Credit Hour. See Credit Hour and/or Carnegie Unit.

Continuing Studies Noncredit Student
A Continuing Studies Noncredit Student is a student enrolled in a non-degree seeking program or course at Rice's Glasscock School of Continuing Studies.

Credit Hour
Also known as semester credit hour which is the amount of credit awarded for successful completion of one contact hour of classroom instruction and two preparation hours per week for a semester of not less than 14 weeks. More information regarding semester credit hours, including a matrix that helps to calculate the credit hours that each course carries, can be found on the Contact Hours and Credit Hours page on the Office of the Registrar's website.

Credit Seeking (For-Credit)
Credit seeking students register for a course through Rice’s Course Schedule that carries credit hours for credit as opposed to registering as an auditor receiving 0-credit. The credit hours are listed on the student’s academic transcript.

Cross-listed Courses
Cross-listed courses share title, credit, description, meeting time and days, classroom assignment, per-requisites, co-requisites, permission required restrictions, grade mode, instructor, repeatability guidelines, and distribution credit. Students cannot receive credit for more than one section of a cross-listed course.

Deficiency
Courses, coursework, test scores, documents, etc. that are outstanding and required before a student can be cleared to graduate, be granted full admission, and so on.

Degree
See baccalaureate degree, master’s degree, or doctoral degree.

Degree Requirements
The courses required for the Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science (including Bachelor of Science in Engineering degrees), Bachelor of Music, and Bachelor of Architecture degrees. In addition to these requirements, students must complete all other university requirements before they can receive their baccalaureate degrees.

Degree Works
The computer system that displays to students how their earned credit hours are being applied towards a selected Rice degree program, along with what courses and remaining credit hours are needed for graduation. As the university’s degree audit system, Degree Works is accessed through ESTHER.

Department
REVISE: An administrative unit at the university. The department may or may not offer an academic program, student learning opportunities, and/or courses found in Rice's Course Catalog.

Diploma
The diploma is a formal document issued by the university to symbolize that a Rice degree has been conferred (awarded) by the institution upon the recipient.

Directory Information
Directory information is identified by the university as information that can be released without a student’s permission. If students prefer to not have their information released, they are required to request the withholding of their directory information through ESTHER. See the FERPA page for additional information on FERPA at Rice.

Doctoral Degree
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) or a Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA) degree is awarded to Rice students after the successful completion of at least 90 credit hours of graduate study, which includes an original investigation that is formalized in an approved thesis. PhD or DMA students are required to complete at least four semesters of full-time study at Rice.

Enrolled Student
An enrolled student is any student at Rice that is registered for at least one course for-credit.

ESTHER
The computer system interface available to all Rice community members: faculty, staff and students.

FERPA
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a federal law designed to protect the privacy of, and limit access to, student educational records. Please visit the following link to learn more: www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco. See the FERPA page for additional information on FERPA at Rice.

Flipped Classroom
The method of delivery for a particular course section that utilizes class time for discussion and experiential activities and out of class time for reading and watching course content (e.g., lectures are offered online).

Freshman
An undergraduate student who has completed and earned a total of 29 semester credit hours, or less.

Full-time Student
An undergraduate student is considered as registered under full-time status when they are registered for more than 12 credit hours in a semester. Graduate students are considered under full-time status when they are registered for 9 credit hours. All degree-seeking students must seek approval of the appropriate office if they wish to register under less than full-time status (see Part-time Student). Part-time registration does impact the student's tuition and fees assessed, as well as their financial aid status (if applicable).

General Announcements (GA)
The documented official curriculum of Rice University, the academic policies and procedures, etc. Other schools often refer to this publication as the Bulletin, or the Catalog. Previously published in written booklet form, the GA is now displayed online and is updated annually for each specific academic year.

Graduate Student (GR)
A student that has matriculated into and is enrolled in a master’s or doctoral degree program.

Graduate Quadmester Student (GQ)
A student that has matriculated into and is enrolled in a master’s or doctoral degree program that is being offered on the quadmester academic calendar.

In-Progress (IP)
A grade indicating that a course is still in progress and will be completed at a later date.

Instructor of Record
The individual designated by the academic unit as responsible for the course, including developing and overseeing its content and administration, assignments, and grades.

Hybrid
The method of delivery for a particular course section that includes online and in-class participation.

Jones Graduate School of Business Noncredit Student
Definition forthcoming.

Junior
An undergraduate student who has completed and earned a total of 60 to 89 semester credit hours.

Level
A student's level refers to their student type which is dependent on what type of academic program they are pursuing. Baccalaureate degree-seeking students at Rice are considered undergraduates (UG) or undergraduate professionals (UP). Master's or Doctoral degree-seeking students fall into the level of graduate students (GR), with the exception of students enrolled in a quadmester program, as they are classified as graduate quadmester students (GQ). Non-degree seeking undergraduates at Rice are in the visiting undergraduate (VU) student level. Non-degree seeking graduate students (students who have previously obtained a baccalaureate degree) are at the visiting graduate student level (VG).

Location
Class locations are listed in Rice’s Course Schedule under “Meeting.”

Lower Level
Undergraduate courses numbered 100 through 299, sometimes referred to as lower division courses, or as freshman and sophomore courses.

Major
Also known as academic major. The academic major represents a cohesive and extensive program of study in a designated subject area in which a student commits to gaining in-depth knowledge, competence, and understanding. Students may pursue more than one major while pursuing a degree, but the completion of at least one major is required in order to award a degree.

Major Concentration
Also known as academic major concentration. The academic major concentration is a second-order component of a degree program and is represented by a coordinated group of courses that reflect a sub-specialization or emphasis within a major field for currently enrolled students in the major. Courses and credit hours earned toward the major concentration also apply towards the completion of the major. While a major concentration is not required for a degree to be awarded, a major concentration must be declared by the student if it is required to complete the major's requirements.

Master's Degree
A Master's Degree is awarded after completion of a graduate Master's-level degree program's requirements. The Master's Degree, at a minimum, must represent 30 credit hours of study with coursework completed at the 500-level or above. Master's Degrees are classified at Rice by Thesis Master's Programs, Nonthesis Master's Programs, and Professional Degrees. More information for each type of Master's Degree can be found in the General Announcements.

Matriculated Student
For graduate degree seeking students, a matriculated student is an new student that has either registered for a course or the first day of classes (whichever is first). For undergraduates matriculating in the fall, matriculation begins at the matriculation ceremony during O-week or the date that the student first registers for classes. For undergraduates matriculating during the spring semester, they become a matriculated student on the first day of classes.

Method of Delivery
Sometimes referred to as Mode of Delivery. The mode of delivery represents the instructional method that is being used to communicate course content with students. Individual course sections can be taught using different methods of delivery. For example, if there are two sections of ECON 100 represented on Rice's Course Schedule for the fall semester, section 001 could be taught face-to-face, and section 901 could be taught through Online/Distance Learning. At Rice, the current methods of delivery available for Rice courses/instructors are either face-to-face (FACE) or 100% Online (ONLIN). Instructors wishing to offer course sections using the 100% Online method of delivery must receive approval from Rice Online.

Minor
Also known as academic minor. The academic minor comprises a designated group of classes in a discipline that is outside the major field(s). Minors typically consist of a minimum of 18 credit hours and are not required to obtain a degree.

Non-credit Seeking ("Not for credit")
When a student registers for a course as an auditor, they are not seeking to obtain credit hours earned for the course. The registration is included in the course roster and enrollment count, and the student will have this course recorded as a course that they audited in the student record and their academic transcript.

Nontraditional Student
The National Center for Education Statistics defines nontraditional students as meeting one of seven characteristics: delayed enrollment into postsecondary education; attends college part-time; works full time; is financially independent for financial aid purposes; has dependents other than a spouse; is a single parent; or does not have a high school diploma. These are students enrolled in for credit courses.

Online/Distance Learning
See Distance Education. Distance education is a formal educational process in which the majority of instruction (interaction between students and instructors and among students) in a course occurs when students and instructors are not in the same place. Instruction may be synchronous or asynchronous. A distance education course may use the internet; one-way and two-way transmissions through open broadcast, closed circuit, cable, microwave, broadband lines, fiber optics, satellite, or wireless communications devices; audio conferences; or video cassettes, DVDs, and CD-ROMS is used as part of the distance learning course or program. See http://www.sacscoc.org/pdf/DistanceCorrespondenceEducation.pdf for more information.

Part-time Student
A part-time undergraduate student is a Rice student enrolled in less than 12 credit hours in the fall or spring semesters while a part-time graduate student is a Rice student enrolled in less than 9 credit hours during the fall or spring semesters. To register for Rice courses under part-time status, students must receive formal approval. Undergraduate students seek and obtain approval from the Office of the Dean of Undergraduates, and graduate students from the Office of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies.

Pedagogy
Pedagogy is the method behind teaching.

Preparation Hour
The preparation hour is represented by 50 minutes of outside of class or nonscheduled preparation work the typical student is expected to complete. The preparation hour, along with the Contact Hour, is used to calculate the appropriate Semester Credit Hours that each course carries. See Credit Hour and/or Carnegie Unit.

Residency
Residency is defined by institutional coursework completed, and residency requirements (i.e. a certain number of credit hours completed at Rice University) are included in the Degree Requirements for both undergraduate degree-seeking and graduate degree-seeking students.

Section
See Course Section.

Semester
A semester is made up of 14 weeks of instruction plus a final exam week during the fall and the spring of each Academic Year.

Senior
An undergraduate student who has completed and earned a total of 90 semester credit hours, or more.

Sophomore
An undergraduate student who has completed and earned a total of 30 to 59 semester credit hours.

Standard Time Block
Standard Time Blocks are the day/time period combinations used for course and classroom scheduling to optimize the use of Rice’s resources. More information can be found on the Office of the Registrar's website.

Student
A student is any individual who is or has been in attendance at the university and for whom the university maintains education records. See Matriculated Student.

Term
Rice follows an academic calendar of 14 weeks of instruction for the fall and spring semesters. Rice also follows an academic calendar for parts of term which is a term that has dates that take place within a larger semester.

Transcript
Also known as academic transcript. The academic transcript represents the official university record of a Rice student's academic history of coursework completed at Rice and the grades and associated Grade Point Average received. Also listed on the transcript are declared academic credentials, awarded academic credentials for students who have completed their degree, and university honors awarded by the institution upon the conferral of the degree. Only Rice students who have been enrolled in Rice courses (courses listed in Rice's Course Catalog, see Course) will have a Rice academic transcript.

Undergraduate Student (UG)
A student that has matriculated into and is enrolled into a bachelor’s degree program.

Undergraduate Professional Student (UP)
A student that has completed a Bachelor of Arts in Architecture and who has matriculated into and is enrolled in the Bachelor of Architecture program.

University Certificate
Certificates are formally recognized programs of study attesting to a level of competence or to the development of skills in a particular area of field. For information related to policies and regulations regarding certificates, see Undergraduate Certificates and Graduate Certificates.

Upper Level
Undergraduate courses numbered 300 through 499, sometimes referred to as upper division courses, or as junior and senior courses.

Visiting Graduate Student (VG)
A student that has not formally been admitted or matriculated into a degree program, but has been permitted to register for and take a Rice graduate-level course (or courses) for credit.

Visiting Undergraduate Student (VU)
A student that has not formally been admitted or matriculated into a degree program, but has been permitted to register for and take a Rice undergraduate-level course (or courses) for credit.

Year of Study (YOS)
The year of study represents the undergraduate student's class seniority based on credit hours completed. See Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior.